Search This Blog

Wednesday, April 4, 2007

Radio Gets a Military Strategy Lesson

Did you see the news item this month from ZenithOptimedia that Internet advertising will surpass radio spending next year! Another example of the old man getting beat up by a youngun. But this shouldn't be a surprise. The radio industry has seen this coming for some time. You don't witness 35%+ Internet advertising growth rates without feeling them breathing down your neck.

But poor terrestrial radio has really been getting the short end of the stick these last few years.

First it was the dot-com bust, then the 9/11 advertising pull-back, then satellite radio's big PR push between 2002 and 2005, alongside Gen-Y turning off their FM radio's so fast you can hear the massive click in unison.

The Internet started out as a tough sell to ad agencies. In the late 90's, my LA station, KCBS-FM was among the first radio stations to build a working Internet business model for a new radio revenue stream. We had to be creative because advertising agencies in the late 90's by and large didn't see the benefit. They couldn't relate to the Internet. It only took Advertising agency media queens 5 years to figure out that audiences were splintering off traditional radio and that it was prudent to follow them.

Now radio is smaller part of a pool of ad dollars that is only slightly larger than it was in 2000 and that pool is being spread around to as many media targets as possible and still be effective. Radio used to be the targeting medium, then the Internet (thanks to Google) taught ad buyers how to pin-point buys and traditional radio became a reach medium officially. Unfortunately, in today's consumer market, reach and frequency isn't as effective as it used to be.

The Pincer Movement

This reminds me of a classic military strategy that has been used to some extent in nearly every war in history. It's called The Pincer Movement or Double Envelopment and it has been played upon traditional radio perfectly.

The maneuver is mostly self-explanatory; the flanks of the opponent (traditional radio) are attacked simultaneously in a pinching motion after the opponent has advanced towards the center of an army (Satellite Radio) which is responding by moving its outside forces to the enemy's flanks in order to surround it. At the same time, a second layer of pincer attacks (on-demand audio such as iPods and the Internet in this example), so as to prevent any attempts to reinforce the target unit.

And like most armies caught in this pincer movement, radio never knew what hit them. They became distracted by the foe in front of them (satellite radio) and didn't see the second layer in the rear-view mirror.

Such battles often end in surrender or destruction of the enemy force, although the encircled force (radio) can attempt a 'breakout'. A breakout is done with the encircled forces (radio) attacking a weak point in the encirclement, with allied forces attacking the same weak point, until there is a breakthrough and the encircled forces can move again. Hmmm...does radio have any allies that can assist in this battle?

Once the Radio industry recognizes that it is encircled, it should be asking, "What are the weak points in the encirclement?" and can radio use any of its "enemies" to attack these soft points?

I can think of several - in fact, Bridge Ratings has been publishing studies for the past two years uncovering this exact strategy. As an industry, however, radio has performed an uncoordinated attack and as any general will tell you, a confused and unorganized enemy is that much weaker.

Is the radio industry a weak opponent? If so, why?

Could it be that we have had years of poor leadership from our industry 'generals' who have been mis-leading (or poorly leading) our major forces (Clear Channel, CBS) without an apparent understanding of strategy or even the battlefield?

Or could it be that our strategist, the National Association of Broadcasting, has failed the industry by not leading the charge?

In any case, while ad spending on Internet radio still lags far behind terrestrial radio (but is advancing), the squeeze is on and total Internet spending will surpass the radio industry by the end of 2008 with about $20 billion that in all honesty is mostly new money. Radio can benefit from this windfall by not assuming that it has been left standing at the starting gate. It needs to continue its aggressive approach to capture what used to be called non-traditional advertising - new media advertising which is about to become 2008's version of traditional.

Think about it!

No comments: